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Treatment of TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) Disorder?

Proper diagnosis is critical to make sure you receive treatment for your particular condition. Your dentist will recommend treatment after conducting a thorough health history, clinical exam, taking appropriate X-rays, and perhaps confirming the condition through other diagnostic tests.

Your dentist may prescribe a multiple-phase treatment plan. Only minor corrective treatment may be needed. Treatment may be simple or require more steps for alleviating the condition, depending on the degree of severity.

Some of these treatments may include:

  • Taking a pain reliever or prescription medications such as muscle relaxants, analgesics, or anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Eating soft foods
  • Avoiding chewing gum
  • Applying moist heat to affected side
  • Physical therapy
  • Teaching relaxation techniques to control muscle tension
  • Stress management training techniques
  • Breaking bad tension habits
  • Posture training
  • Wearing bite guards to eliminate the harmful effects of clenching or grinding the teeth, and a better positioning of the jaws
  • Adjusting the bite, known as "occlusal equilibration" involving removing interferences when the teeth touch
  • Corrrective dental treatment - Replacement of defective restorations that prevent the jaws from meeting properly
  • Orthodontics, to put the teeth in proper position
  • Arthrocentesis
  • Surgery(for severe cases only)

In most cases, the symptoms related to TMJ disorders can be successfully treated to reduce or eliminate your discomfort. Postponement of treatment usually results in more damage to the joint, muscles, or teeth.

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